I can't find a way to ask ggplot2 to show an empty level in a boxplot without imputing my dataframe with actual missing values. Here is reproducible code :

```
# fake data
dftest <- expand.grid(time=1:10,measure=1:50)
dftest$value <- rnorm(dim(dftest)[1],3+0.1*dftest$time,1)
# and let's suppose we didn't observe anything at time 2
# doesn't work even when forcing with factor(..., levels=...)
p <- ggplot(data=dftest[dftest$time!=2,],aes(x=factor(time,levels=1:10),y=value))
p + geom_boxplot()
# only way seems to have at least one actual missing value in the dataframe
dftest2 <- dftest
dftest2[dftest2$time==2,"value"] <- NA
p <- ggplot(data=dftest2,aes(x=factor(time),y=value))
p + geom_boxplot()
```

So I guess I'm missing something. This is not a problem when dealing with a balanced experiment where these missing data might be explicit in the dataframe. But with observed data in a cohort for example, it means imputing the data with missing values for unobserved combinations... Thanks for your help.